Credit Scores For Home Loans

Credit rating plays a very important role in getting a good home loan with favorable rates. There are official and unofficial guidelines for determining how credit scores will affect an applicant’s eligibility. Lenders use your FICO credit score to determine the minimum down payment percentage you have to make in order to get a home loan. This makes your credit report the most important factor to consider when seeking a home loan.

It is however very important to understand the different kinds of loans available so you can have a better idea of which one will suit your needs better. The most common type of home loan, is the fixed rate mortgage. As the name suggests, with the fixed rate mortgage, you are fairly certain of the amount you will be paying every month because the interest rates stay the same for the life of the loan. The disadvantage that you are likely to experience with this type of mortgage is that you may pay more interest than other home owners during a low interest period. In my opinion though stick with the fixed rate mortgage so you’re not surprised down the road.

How your credit score affects your mortgage:

To qualify for a mortgage, you will need to produce documents that show proof of income, credit history, a summary of monthly expenses and assets and liabilities. All of these documents are important to the lender so that they can determine whether or not you are a good candidate for the loan you want. In addition to these documents, lenders will look at your credit report to determine your eligibility for a home loan.

For government backed mortgages, the VA and USDA require lenders to review the entire loan profile of an applicant before making an underwriting determination. There are no minimum credit score requirements but several factors can make an applicant ineligible.

For example, an applicant typically with more than one 30 day late payment in 12 month period or has filed for bankruptcy within the last 36 months is ineligible for a government backed mortgage. Other factors include late rent payments, having accounts that have been converted into collections in the past year and having outstanding collection accounts with no payment arrangements.

Credit scores for home loans:

So, the question you probably have on your mind right now is: What are the minimum credit scores for home loans?

Your FICO score will not only affect the type of loan you can get but also the down payment you have to make in order to be eligible for the home loan. Before you look at the official FHA loan requirements, you need to understand the credit report that lenders use when determining your eligibility. Most people often just use one of the three biggest credit bureaus to get their credit report. Lenders on the other hand use a tri-merge report that they get from all of the three bureaus. If there are 3 credit scores, the middle one will be the representative score and hence what the lender will use to determine your eligibility and down payment.

There are official FHA loan requirements that are set by federal law. They outline how your credit score affects your home loan. Applicants with a FICO score of at least 500 are eligible for a home loan. An applicant with a credit score of 500-579 is required to make a down payment of at least 10% and those with scores higher than 579 will only be required to make a down payment of 3.5%.

Make your Credit Rating better:

Based on the information we’ve covered so far it makes a lot of sense to clean up your credit history before you apply for a home loan. The following steps should help you do just that.

· Check all the information to make sure that everything on the credit report is accurate.

· Eliminate any discrepancies you find as they could hurt your chances of having a favorable credit score.

· Pay off all the existing balances on any loans you may currently have. These one-off payments can be very effective in raising your credit score.

· Try to keep your debt below 30% of your credit limit. This is a good way to keep your credit score up.

Depending on who you talk to or the mortgage product you’re referring to, credit scores for home loans can vary. I know a lot of this information is quite redundant for a lot of you out there. But remember this; we have a lot of young up and comers that sooner or later will be looking at buying a home. If we can teach and educate young people on the proper and most productive way to buy a home then that will hopefully make for a stronger economy. More importantly maybe that will assist in helping our children and our children’s children to never have to go through a housing crisis as we did just a few years ago.

Please go to https://www.HomeLoansForAll.com for more information on FHA loan requirements and to get Pre-Approved today.

How to Get Cheap Home Loans with a Bad Credit

It’s been years since you made any major improvements to your home and it’s about time. Your spouse and children are also urging you to give the house a facelift. So, what do you do? Dip into your savings? Great! But that’s only if you’ve enough stashed away in there. Go in for a regular loan? But you can’t, because you’ve a bad credit history, a difficult to prove income and just no down payment capability. And besides, regular loans are only meant for house construction and not for renovations. So what’re you to do?

Those with bad credit understand how difficult it can be to try and get a loan for buying a home or refinancing an existing home mortgage loan. Although, most loan companies may tell you that if they can’t help you, no one can, that is simply not true. People with adverse credit history may need to put in a little more effort to search out the right home loan, especially with a decent interest rate. Every mortgage loan company varies in its offer for a home loan. A program that is impossible for one company can be very much possible for another. Some mortgage loan companies specialize in home loans for people with less than perfect credit and have more lenient qualifications than others. The key to getting approved for a loan with poor or bad credit is persistence!

Defining home loans

Home loans are not much different from the average loans extended by mortgage loan companies. They’ve interest rates, points and fees. They can be compared online, and they’ve seasonal trends. The only real difference is that, as a borrower with a less than stellar credit record, you may have to pay a slightly higher rate for this loan to negate the mortgage loan company’s increased risk.

Some home loans are specifically designed to help you fund essential home improvement projects. By encouraging you to make improvements to your home, the mortgage loan company helps increase the market value of your property. But, how does a mortgage loan company stand to gain by extending such a loan? Simple, it makes money through additional interest that you pay for this loan.

Thus, it is important to prepare yourself with information about home loans and compare the offers of various mortgage loan companies to make sure you get the best deal.

Advantages of mortgage loan companies

There are a few things you need to know about mortgage loan companies. These companies specialize in providing home loans for people like you, who are in less than ideal situations. For this, a mortgage loan company takes risks that the average bank refuses, namely offering home loans to people with bad credit. If you have bad credit or declared bankruptcy, a mortgage loan company takes a big risk by extending this loan. People with bad credit are seven times more likely to default on loans. As a result, these companies make up for this risk by levying higher interest rates and fees and also ensure they make a profit. But the end result is that you get the loan, which you may not have raised from other avenues. However, the smart thing to do is to cast your net wide while short-listing such mortgage loan companies.

Searching the best mortgage loan companies

It’s important to remember that just because you’ve bad credit, doesn’t mean you should accept the first home loan offer that comes your way. Interest rates and fees on a home loan vary from one company to the other, so it pays to shop. The best way to compare a home loan is to go online. While comparing, remember to enter the same information for each mortgage loan company, since different loan amounts, down payments and income levels affect the rates. This also helps to get a quote for the same risk level.

If you’re planning to purchase a home for the first time or refinance an existing mortgage despite an adverse credit history, you may do well to compare the offers of the various mortgage loan companies before you accept a home loan offer. Certain companies specialize in offering home loans to people who have a high-risk credit history in return for charging higher rates and fees. How much is charged on these loans varies and offers can be quite competitive. Therefore, it is best to compare the rates.

There are several ways by which you can discern which home loan will suit your purpose. A few pointers are:

Check online: Web sites of mortgage loan companies offer a convenient way to gather home loan quotes. Since mortgage loan companies are in competition with each other, they offer their best quotes. In addition, they also extend facilities like online applications and the like. So, spend some time on the net to get the best quotes, it would be time well spent.

Compare rates: The interest rates charged by a mortgage loan company on a home loan are bound to be higher than any other type of home loan, where credit, income and down payment are all optimal. And they can vary greatly. There’re some mortgage loan companies that, for the same set of qualifications, offer an interest rate of 7 percent, which is a bit over the bar, and then there are others who may quote 9 to 12 percent or more. Now, if this is all for the same qualifications, you could be shelling out hundreds of extra dollars a month in payments, just because you didn’t search properly. Make sure not let the mortgage loan companies take advantage of your situation.

Look at the fees: When a mortgage loan company offers you a home loan, be sure to add up the fees from each financing package and compare those with the interest rates. You should also compare closing costs and other fees in the financing package, which at times does add up to hundreds of dollars. Although, adverse credit is likely to result in some fees, it should not be excessive. As a general rule, fees should be included in the price of the home loan. You should expect to pay up to five points for most home loans. There are always exceptions to this, but comparison-shopping should give you an idea of what is reasonable. It is good to remember that fees and terms can be better for borrowers during the off-season.

Cater for down payment: No mortgage loan company will offer a home loan to a person with a bad credit record without a down payment. The larger the down payment, the easier it is for you to secure a home loan. A down payment for a home loan between 5 percent and 20 percent is usually required for people with a credit score of less than 600. A down payment of 20 percent or more will save you from the expense of PMI.

Read the terms: Once you have finalized a home loan offer, make sure you know what type of deal you are getting into. So, be clear about the terms and conditions by reading the fine print. Some mortgage loan companies charge high fees for late or missed payments. While late fees are common, they should not be extreme. You can also get the documents vetted by a lawyer. The point is that you should be comfortable with all the terms before you sign. If you’ve any questions, don’t hesitate to contact the mortgage loan company for clarifications.

Applying for a home loan

The best way to apply for a home loan is through mortgage loan company services. These services can be accessed online. What they do is to take your application and resubmit it to multiple mortgage loan companies. Each application is usually sent to hundreds of such companies asking for the desired home loan. The response varies, but at least four home loan offers are assured for each application. These online mortgage loan company services can help people in almost every state from Florida to California.

The advantage of this process is that most of these mortgage loan companies won’t even pull your credit when you apply for a home loan, which is good since multiple inquiries on your credit report can drop your credit score a bit, and if you have bad credit to begin with, you certainly need to score as high as possible.

Once a mortgage loan company processes your information and finds everything in place, it will forward the documents for your final approval and signature. The whole process is completed in a matter of days.

If you are patient and persistent, you can hope for a home loan from a mortgage loan company that has the least interest, even if you score low on credit.

Understanding the Home Loan Application and Mortgage Approval – The Mortgage Lender Analysis

Do You Pass The Mortgage Lender Analysis? When a mortgage lender reviews a real estate loan application, the primary concern for both home loan applicant, the buyer, and the mortgage lender is to approve loan requests that show high probability of being repaid in full and on time, and to disapprove requests that are likely to result in default and eventual foreclose. How is the mortgage lenders decision made?

The mortgage lender begins the loan analysis procedure by looking at the property and the proposed financing. Using the property address and legal description, an appraiser is assigned to prepare an appraisal of the property and a title search is ordered. These steps are taken to determine the fair market value of the property and the condition of title. In the event of default, this is the collateral the lender must fall back upon to recover the loan. If the loan request is in connection with a purchase, rather than the refinancing of an existing property, the mortgage lender will know the purchase price. As a rule, home loans are made on the basis of the appraised value or purchase price, whichever is lower. If the appraised value is lower than the purchase price, the usual procedure is to require the buyer to make a larger cash down payment. The mortgage lender does not want to over-loan simply because the buyer overpaid for the property.

The year the home was built is useful in setting the loan’s maturity date. The idea is that the length of the home loan should not outlast the remaining economic life of the structure serving as collateral. Note however, chronological age is only part of this decision because age must be considered in light of the upkeep and repair of the structure and its construction quality.

Loan-to-Value Ratios

The mortgage lender next looks at the amount of down payment the borrower proposes to make, the size of the loan being requested and the amount of other financing the borrower plans to use. This information is then converted into loan-to-value ratios. As a rule, the more money the borrower places into the deal, the safer the loan is for the mortgage lender. On an uninsured home loan, the ideal loan-to-value ratio for a lender on owner-occupied residential property is 70% or less. This means the value of the property would have to fall more than 30% before the debt owed would exceed the property’s value, thus encouraging the borrower to stop making mortgage loan payments. Because of the nearly constant inflation in housing prices since the 40s, very few residential properties have fallen 30% or more in value.

Loan-to-value ratios from 70% through 80% are considered acceptable but do expose the mortgage lender to more risk. Lenders sometimes compensate by charging slightly higher interest rates. Loan-to-value ratios above 80% present even more risk of default to the lender, and the lender will either increase the interest rate charged on these home loans or require that an outside insurer, such as FHA or a private mortgage insurer, be supplied by the borrower.

Mortgage Closing Settlement Funds

The lender then wants to know if the borrower has adequate funds for settlement (the closing). Are these funds presently in a checking or savings account, or are they coming from the sale of the borrower’s present real estate property? In the latter case, the mortgage lender knows the present loan is contingent on another closing. If the down payment and settlement funds are to be borrowed, then the lender will want to be extra cautious as experience has shown that the less of his own money a borrower puts into a purchase, the higher the probability of default and foreclosure.

Purpose Of Mortgage Loan

The lender is also interested in the proposed use of the property. Mortgage lenders feel most comfortable when a home loan is for the purchase or improvement of a property the loan applicant will actually occupy. This is because owner-occupants usually have pride-of-ownership in maintaining their property and even during bad economic conditions will continue to make the monthly payments. An owner-occupant also realizes that if he/she stops paying, they will have to vacate and pay for shelter elsewhere.

If the home loan applicant intends to purchase a dwelling to rent out as an investment, the lender will be more cautious. This is because during periods of high vacancy, the property may not generate enough income to meet the loan payments. At that point, a strapped-for-cash borrower is likely to default. Note too, that lenders generally avoid loans secured by purely speculative real estate. If the value of the property drops below the amount owed, the borrower may see no further logic in making the loan payments.

Lastly the mortgage lender assesses the borrower’s attitude toward the proposed loan. A casual attitude, such as “I’m buying because real estate always goes up,” or an applicant who does not appear to understand the obligation he is undertaking would bring low rating here. Much more welcome is the home loan applicant who shows a mature attitude and understanding of the mortgage loan obligation and who exhibits a strong and logical desire for ownership.

The Borrower Analysis

The next step is the mortgage lender to begin an analysis of the borrower, and if there is one, the co-borrower. At one time, age, sex and marital status played an important role in the lender’s decision to lend or not to lend. Often the young and the old had trouble getting home loans, as did women and persons who were single, divorced, or widowed. Today, the Federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibits discrimination based on age, sex, race and marital status. Mortgage lenders are no longer permitted to discount income earned by women even if it is from part-time jobs or because the woman is of child-bearing age. Of the home applicant chooses to disclose it, alimony, separate maintenance, and child support must be counted in full. Young adults and single persons cannot be turned down because the lender feels they have not “put down roots.” Seniors cannot be turned down as long as life expectancy exceeds the early risk period of the loan and collateral is adequate. In other words, the emphasis in borrower analysis is now focused on job stability, income adequacy, net worth and credit rating.

Mortgage lenders will ask questions directed at how long the applicants have held their present jobs and the stability of those jobs themselves. The lender recognizes that loan repayment will be a regular monthly requirement and wishes to make certain the applicants have a regular monthly inflow of cash in a large enough quantity to meet the mortgage loan payment as well as their other living expenses. Thus, an applicant who possesses marketable job skills and has been regularly employed with a stable employer is considered the ideal risk. Persons whose income can rise and fall erratically, such as commissioned salespersons, present greater risk. Persons whose skills (or lack of skills) or lack of job seniority result in frequent unemployment are more likely to have difficulty repaying a home loan. The mortgage lender also inquires as to the number of dependents the applicant must support out of his or her income. This information provides some insight as to how much will be left for monthly house payments.

Home Loan Applicants’ Monthly Income

The lender looks at the amount and sources of the applicants’ income. Sheer quantity alone is not enough for home loan approval; the income sources must be stable too. Thus a lender will look carefully at overtime, bonus and commission income in order to estimate the levels at which these may reasonably be expected to continue. Interest, dividend and rental income would be considered in light of the stability of their sources also. Under the “other income” category, income from alimony, child support, social security, retirement pensions, public assistance, etc. is entered and added to the totals for the applicants.

The lender then compares what the applicants have been paying for housing with what they will be paying if the loan is approved. Included in the proposed housing expense total are principal, interest, taxes and insurance along with any assessments or homeowner association dues (such as in a condominium or townhomes). Some mortgage lenders add the monthly cost of utilities to this list.

A proposed monthly housing expense is compared to gross monthly income. A general rule of thumb is that monthly housing expense (PITI) should not exceed 25% to 30% of gross monthly income. A second guideline is that total fixed monthly expenses should not exceed 33% to 38% of income. This includes housing payments plus automobile payments, installment loan payments, alimony, child support, and investments with negative cash flows. These are general guidelines, but mortgage lenders recognize that food, health care, clothing, transportation, entertainment and income taxes must also come from the applicants’ income.

Liabilities and Assets

The lender is interested in the applicants’ sources of funds for closing and whether, once the loan is granted, the applicants have assets to fall back upon in the event of an income decrease (a job lay-off) or unexpected expenses such as hospital bills. Of particular interest is the portion of those assets that are in cash or are readily convertible into cash in a few days. These are called liquid assets. If income drops, they are much more useful in meeting living expenses and mortgage loan payments than assets that may require months to sell and convert to cash; that is, assets which are illiquid.

A mortgage lender also considers two values for life insurance holders. Cash value is the amount of money the policyholder would receive if he surrendered his/her policy or, alternatively, the amount he/she could borrow against the policy. Face amount is the amount that would be paid in the event of the insured’s death. Mortgage lenders feel most comfortable if the face amount of the policy equals or exceeds the amount of the proposed home loan. Less satisfactory are amounts less than the proposed loan or none at all. Obviously a borrower’s death is not anticipated before the loan is repaid, but lenders recognize that its possibility increases the probability of default. The likelihood of foreclosure is lessened considerably if the survivors receive life insurance benefits.

A lender is interested in the applicants’ existing debts and liabilities for two reasons. First, these items will compete each month against housing expenses for available monthly income. Thus high monthly payments may reduce the size of the loan the lender calculates that the applicants will be able to repay. The presence of monthly liabilities is not all negative: it can also show the mortgage lender that the applicants are capable of repaying their debts. Second, the mortgage applicants’ total debts are subtracted from their total assets to obtain their net worth. If the result is negative (more owed than owned), the mortgage loan request will probably be turned down as too risky. In contrast, a substantial net worth can often offset weaknesses elsewhere in the application, such as too little monthly income in relation to monthly housing expense.

Past Credit Record

Lenders examine the applicants’ past record of debt repayment as an indicator of the future. A credit report that shows no derogatory information is most desirable. Applicants with no previous credit experience will have more weight placed on income and employment history. Applicants with a history of collections, adverse judgments or bankruptcy within the past three years will have to convince the lender that this mortgage loan will be repaid on time. Additionally, the applicants may be considered poorer risks if they have guaranteed the repayment of someone else’s debt by acting as a co-maker or endorser. Lastly, the lender may take into consideration whether the applicants have adequate insurance protection in the event of major medical expenses or a disability that prevents returning to work.

When a mortgage lender will not provide a loan on a property, one must seek alternative sources of financing or lose the right to purchase the home.